broken leg (leg fracture) is a break or crack in one of the bones in the leg. Common causes include falls, car accidents and injuries sustained from contact sports. A broken leg might feel painful, look swollen or bruised and movement might be restricted. In all cases, medical examination of a broken leg is vital to determine the proper treatment and complete the healing process. The most common types of leg fractures are:

  • Stress fractures 
  • Undisplaced or hairline fractures
  • Displaced fractures
  • Comminuted fracture s
  • Open or compound fractures


The most common symptoms for a broken leg include:

  • Intense pain, which may worsen with movement
  • Swelling or tenderness around the area
  • Contusions
  • Deformity
  • Restricted movement of the leg


Possible causes for a broken leg may include:

  • Falls
  • Sporting injuries
  • Trauma injuries
  • Child abuse
  • Excessive use or repetitive movements of the leg

Risk factors

Factors relating to risk increase of a broken leg may be the result of repetitive stress on the leg bones from physical activities such as:

  • Running, dancing, basketball, hockey, football, and others.

Stress fractures sustained outside of contact sports are more common in individuals who have:

  • Bone Disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Diabetes


Complications of a broken leg may include:

  • Knee or ankle pain
  • Slow healing
  • Abnormal bone growth
  • Damaged muscle, nerves or blood vessels around the fracture
  • Compartment syndrome
  • Arthritis
  • Osteomyelitis


A few recommendations for preventing an unexpected leg injury may include:

  • Wearing proper foot attire and replacing athletic shoes regularly
  • Alternating activities
  • Eating calcium-rich foods such as milk, yogurt and cheese, and others.