A sore throat or a throat pain is a pain, dryness, discomfort, scratchiness, irritation or inflammation of the throat.



Symptoms of a sore throat vary depending on the cause but include:

  • A pain in the throat
  • Scratchiness of the throat
  • Discomfort or difficulty swallowing
  • Dry and sore throat
  • Red and swollen tonsils
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Swollen glands in the jaw
  • Hoarse voice



The most common cause of a sore throat is an acute viral infection that causes cold, flu and mononucleosis.

Bacterial infection can also be the cause of a sore throat.

Other causes of sore throat include:

  • Allergies
  • Dryness of the indoor air
  • Irritants
  • Yelling
  • Talking for long periods of time without pause
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease



To prevent a sore throat is to practise hygiene. Wash hands, humidify the air, avoid irritants, and avoid contact with people who are ill.