Tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon, a thick cord that connects muscle to bone. The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside a joint.

Tendons that commonly become inflamed or irritated are tendons of the hand, around the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels.

Some common names for various tendinitis problems are:

  • Tennis elbow
  • Golfer's elbow
  • Pitcher's shoulder
  • Swimmer's shoulder
  • Jumper's knee



Signs and symptoms of tendinitis typically include:

  • Pain or dull ache, especially when moving the affected limb or joint
  • Tenderness
  • Mild swelling



Tendinitis can be caused by a sudden injury but the condition is much more likely to develop as a result of the repetition of a particular movement or motion over time.

Tendinitis usually occurs in individuals in middle or old age  as a  result  of  overuse  over  a  long  period  of  time.  Tendinitis can  occur  in  younger patients as a result of acute overuse.


Risk Factors

Risk factors for developing tendinitis include age, occupation and practicing certain sports.

·Age – as people get older, their tendons become less flexible

·Occupations- tendinitis is more common in people whose jobs involve repetitive motions and awkward positions

·Sports -participating in certain sports that involve repetitive motions (tennis, basketball, running, swimming, baseball, bowling, golf, etc)



To reduce your chance of developing tendinitis, individuals shoud:

  • Avoid activities that place excessive stress on the tendons, especially for prolonged periods
  • Stretch after exercise in order to maximize the range of motion of the joints
  • Use proper technique when performing repetitive sports movements or job-related activities
  • Adjust the chair, keyboard and desktop for your height, arm length and usual tasks