What is a dental examination?
A dental examination is a very important procedure for the assessment of oral health, and prevention of diseases affecting the teeth, gums and mouth in general. The first visit to a dentist should be done at the age of five and repeated regularly to allow the specialist to inspect the teeth and assess whether they are growing regularly and if there are any problems due to tooth decay, plaque, calculus, bacterial infections, inflammation of the gums, or periodontitis.
What is the purpose of a dental examination?
A patient should ideally have a dental examination every six months. In children above five, a dental examination allows the dentist to assess the health of the teeth, and if they are growing properly. If they are not, the patient is provided with assistance through suitable equipment over the years to align the teeth and arches favoring a proper mastication, and to prevent problems that could affect the mouth, and even heart health.
In adulthood a dental examination is critical in order to preserve the natural dentition from damage due to chewing, bacteria, plaque, deterioration of the enamel, and gum disease for as long as possible. In case of loss of one or more teeth, a dental examination allows the doctor to plan for the most appropriate action such as fillings, capsules, extractions, and prosthetic implants. The dentist uses materials and advanced techniques that allow for the optimal restoration of a patient's set of teeth, with excellent aesthetic results, and minimal discomfort while eating.
How is a dental examination carried out?
During the examination the dentist will examine the state of dentition. The doctor may also proceed to a thorough cleaning of the teeth which will remove the tartar and whiten the surface of the teeth to keep them healthy, and prevent problems such as cavities, gingivitis, and periodontitis which can lead to tooth loss. A dental examination is also important because the dentist can teach the patient how to maintain a proper everyday oral hygiene.
If there are further problems, the doctor may take an X-ray of the dental arches known as an orthopanoramic to detect issues such as caries, maxillary bone lesions, cysts or tumors, or to verify the proper alignment of the arches.
Are there any guidelines for preparation?
There are no guidelines for preparation. The patient is asked to bring any tests previously carried out at the request of the doctor.