What is a haematological examination?

A haematological examination is a critical step to rule out, prevent, diagnose, or monitor a disorder of the blood.


What is the purpose of a haematological examination?

The examination is the first step to a haematological diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders such as anemia, abnormalities of the red blood cells, diseases related to defective blood clotting,  thromboembolic disease such as thrombus formation, and immunohaematological diseases. Furthermore it is used to diagnose and identify the best treatment for blood cancer, Hodgkin's disease, acute and chronic leukemias, myeloma and myeloproliferative disorders such as essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera, and myelofibrosis. Others include haematological diseases of the elderly such as myelodysplasia, and low malignant lymphoproliferative disorders, arterial thromboembolic disease, thrombophilia, thrombosis, and clotting abnormalities.


What happens during a haematological examination?

During the visit, a haematologist collects information about the history and lifestyle of the patient such as nutrition, smoking habits, physical activity levels and physical inactivity, pathologies, previous interventions, a family history of similar diseases, and medication intake.
A hematologist then conducts a thorough clinical examination that can last between 20 and 40 minutes, during which the doctor feels the abdominal area, listens to the heart and lungs, and looks for enlarged lymph nodes.
A haematologist will view prior exams or prescribe them when necessary, to determine an appropriate course of action.


Are there any guidelines for preparation?

There are no standards of preparation, the patient is asked to bring along any tests carried out on the matter.