The Unit of Cardiac Surgery deals with the pathology of adult cardiac surgery, particularly in the reference to:
- Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation in combination with valve surgery;
- Heart valve surgery, mitral valve replacement, and aorta valve replacement surgery (the team has significant experience in the intervention of an ascending aneurysm during aorta replacement with preservation of the original aorta valve); these operations are carried out both traditionally, through a minimally invasive procedure (a surgical incision less than 10cm in size for both minithoractomy and ministernotomy) as well as with the assistance of a videoscopy, and to optimize the result, an echocardiogram is used during the same surgical procedure;
- Treatment of ischemic heart disease by performing coronary bypass using multiple arterial conduits,with or without the usilio in the extra-corporeal circulation (in this case the operation is conducted without stopping the heart) also through small surgical incisions (minithoracotomy), coronary artery bypass reoperations, the use of the techniques of left ventricular remodeling and repair of mitral valve when it has become faulty after ischemic injury of the heart;
- Congenital heart disease (Atrial Septal Defect surgery) and cancers that affect the heart; these interventions are performed through minithoracotomy and video-assisted surgery;
- Treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms using both traditional surgical techniques (both of which involve the use of a stent that does not require opening the chest).
The team has also developed extensive experience in medium-to-long term mechanical circulatory support, which involve the use of ventricular assist devices (implantable VAD or paracorporeal VAD) for patients developing severe left ventricular dysfunction.