The Department of Neurology employs a team of skilled neurologists dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system and the muscles, through the application of nationally and internationally recognized guidelines. The team treats over 6,000 patients each year.

It includes two independent sections: Neuromuscular Diseases and Neuroimmunology and Neurology and Emergency Stroke Unit.

The Unit of Neurology is particularly responsible for:

  • Degenerative diseases of the nervous system (Parkinson’s disease and Parkinsonian disorders, Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, motor neuron disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cerebellar atrophy)
  • Hyperkinetic syndromes (tremor, dystonia, chorea, tics, myoclonus)
  • Neuromuscular diseases and autoimmune diseases of the nervous system (multiple sclerosis, neuropathies, myopathies)
  • Neurology emergency and cerebrovascular disease (stroke, dystonic crisis)
  • Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (orthostatic hypotension, neurogenic syncope, dysautonomia)

In addition to neurological therapy implemented at the Unit, they have applied advanced protocols of interventional treatment, also in collaboration with other units:

  • Shallow and deep brain neurostimulation for Parkinson’s disease and for hyperkinetic syndromes
  • Infusion of dopaminergic therapies for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease
  • Fibrinolysis and unblocking blood emergency in patients with ischemic stroke
  • Immunomodulatory therapies in patients with inflammatory diseases of the nervous system

The Unit also performs diagnostic assessments through neurophysiological tests (electroencephalography, electromyography, evoked potentials, study of the autonomic nervous system), sonography (Doppler sonography and transcranial Doppler sonography), and neuropsychological tests (cognitive and behavioral assessment, particularly with regard to neurodegenerative disorders and to implementation of treatment protocols).

At the Unit there are clinics dedicated to the most important neurological diseases, which require it to work with highly specialized staff, can provide diagnostic consultations and therapeutic proposals of high standard. The activities of the Unit are closely related to that of other operating units of the Clinical Institute at Humanitas in order to provide the patient with a true multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and therapy that takes into account all the specific skills operating within the Institute.

The Unit of Neurology aims to ensure the patient a high quality standard of diagnosis and treatment of all neurological diseases, while at the same time developing a large area of both clinical and translational research that makes the development of innovative treatments possible.