Vascular diseases affect blood vessels- the arteries and veins of the body- by either expanding them or shrinking them. Peripheral artery disease may develop gradually but it is a sneaky condition because it is asymptomatic. A specialist and targeted examinations can help diagnose the problem and change the natural history of the disease that, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications such as stroke, ischemia or hemorrhage from ruptured aneurysms.
The most common diseases affecting the veins generally have less severe consequences, however, they affect broad segments of the population and are often associated with genetics. Aside from aesthetic damage, they can cause significant functional limitations in the legs or episodes of pulmonary embolism.
The Vascular Surgery Unit I offers outpatient care and hospitalization for the diagnosis and treatment of all vascular diseases. Assisted by a multidisciplinary team of cardio-thoracic-vascular department, nowadays a vascular surgeon is the only specialist capable of offering all types of treatment for both traditional and minimally invasive endovascular surgery for arterial and venous diseases.
As far as arterial disease is concerned, the team led by Dr. Civilini takes part in traditional, minimally invasive (endovascular) or hybrid surgeries, regarding:
- splanchnic and peripheral aneurysms
- diseases of supra-aortic vessels (carotid stenosis, vertebral and subclavian artery, glomus tumors)
- aortoiliac occlusive diseases (Leriche syndrome) and diseases of the lower limbs
- diseases such as median arcuate ligament syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome and popliteal artery entrapment syndrome
- aneurysms and dissections of the thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta and aortic arc
During the Day Hospital program and on the day of the surgery, the team is active in the treatment of venous insufficiency and varicose veins of the lower limbs with saphenectomy stripping, mini-incision varicectomy and beauty treatments with sclerotherapy and radiofrequency. There is also an operating room that is available for emergencies and open every day. The organization, according to high intensity care model, guarantees the immediate availability of beds.
At clinics, there is a standard for dressing with medical gowns; advanced, non-invasive examinations are done by angiology and vascular surgery specialists; and the Doppler Ultrasound is used for diagnosis and monitoring (follow-up) of patients who have already undergone surgery.