Adolescence is a period of change for both boys and girls, and acne is often an inevitable part of this stage. It is estimated that approximately 80% of adolescents experience acne.
Not everyone knows that acne can also affect adults, although it typically appears in a milder but more persistent form.
Acne is an inflammatory skin condition that affects the pilosebaceous unit, which consists of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. It can manifest in various lesions, including pimples, comedones, cysts, and microcysts. These lesions can also appear on the back and chest.
Also, depending on its duration, frequency of recurrence, and impact on well-being, acne can be considered a chronic condition rather than a temporary disorder.
Causes of Acne
Acne can develop due to individual predisposition or genetic factors, as well as temporary physical and psychological changes resulting from hormonal imbalances or periods of intense stress.
It is important to note that certain foods, such as chocolate or fatty foods, previously believed to be associated with acne, are not directly linked to its development.
Treating acne requires an initial dermatological examination by a specialist to determine
the most appropriate treatment for each individual patient.
In some cases, establishing a suitable home skincare routine in consultation with a dermatologist, tailored to individual and seasonal needs, can be crucial.
Additionally, systemic treatments and outpatient procedures may be necessary to address the acute inflammatory phase of acne and its scarring effects.