The importance of gynecological examinations during adolescence is indispensable. They allow girls to be aware of how their bodies work and how to keep the genital system and the body healthy.
When to Have Your First Gynecological Visit
According to physicians, during adolescence, with the onset of menstruation (menarche), and sometimes for some girls, even the beginning of sexual activity, physical, emotional, and psychological changes make it necessary to talk to a specialist.
Speaking with an expert can help clarify doubts and fears that may cause shame if addressed in the family. Ignoring or not resolving these issues can seriously affect a girl’s health and life. Although there is no set age for visiting a gynecologist for the first time, it generally occurs around age 15 unless menstruation appears earlier (9-10 years) or later (14-15 years).
After that, the frequency of visits is variable and depends on whether the birth control pill is used. In that case, it is advisable to visit the gynecologist annually or if a PAP test is recommended after the onset of sexual activity as a preventive measure against cervical cancer.
What is a Gynecological Examination For?
The gynecological examination helps monitor the first menstruation (menarche) appearance and check for any anatomical abnormalities that may be discovered during the first sexual intercourse. It also investigates the nature of possible infections or the source of pain during menstruation.
The gynecological examination remains essential to inform young women about the risks of transmission of certain diseases such as Hepatitis C, B, and HIV and how to protect themselves. This includes not only sexually transmitted infections but also unwanted pregnancy.
A gynecological examination is also necessary if one chooses to start taking the birth control pill. Generally, during adolescence, the most suitable contraceptive is the low-dose monophasic pill, prescribed after specific blood tests and investigations of cardiovascular diseases in the girl’s family that may be contraindications to taking the pill.
In addition to the gynecological examination, it is essential to take care of intimate hygiene to avoid problems and infections. Avoid poor quality detergents that irritate, and do not use bubble baths, as they remove the natural defensive barriers of the genital mucous membranes and can promote infections.
It is advisable to wear clothing that is not too tight or tight-fitting, as it can cause chronic inflammation at the vaginal level and redness and swelling in the external genitalia.
Finally, it is best to opt for briefs other than thongs, which can cause infections that may lead to lesions.