Often mis-named as the “stomach flu”, it is actually called viral gastroenteritis and is manifested by various symptoms, mainly gastrointestinal. Common occurring symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea discharge. The symptoms tend to resolve within a few days, but gastroenteritis can last longer.
Norovirus, rotavirus, astrovirus and enteric adenovirus are the most commonly responsible for the virus.
Generally there is no special care to treat it, even if the intake of certain medications can help manage the symptoms. We found out more from our specialist Dr. Manuela Pastore .
Gastroenteritis Treatment, Diet
- Vomiting and diarrhea can lead to loss of fluids and minerals, precious elements in the functioning of our body. It is good, therefore, to drink a lot of: water, tea and herbal teas, broths, and sometimes juices and smoothies.
- Avoid drinks containing caffeine and alcohol. Caffeine promotes intestinal motility and could worsen diarrhea; Instead alcohol acts as a diuretic and can aggravate your stomach condition.
- The consumption of milk and dairy products can contribute to worsening of the diarrhea discharges especially for particularly sensitive subjects due to a temporary reduction of lactase enzymes.
- Prefer complex carbohydrates (such as potatoes, rice, pasta, bread) and white meat and fish and avoid all grain products.
- Avoid foods that are difficult to digest, as well as fatty dishes, too seasoned, salted or spiced.
- Limit vegetables as long as diarrhea persists, especially avoid raw vegetables. Raw fruits and vegetables in fact contain more fiber and water and could facilitate bowel movements. You can eat potatoes, carrots and bananas.
- Unless medically indicated, you must not take antibiotics. Gastroenteritis is usually viral and antibiotics do not help, as they act on the bacteria.
- If necessary, you can take antidiarrheal drugs. They can be useful to deal with situations where you can not go to the bathroom frequently. But it is good to stick to doses indicated on the package. They are over the counter medicines and can therefore be purchased in pharmacies without a prescription.
- The recommended dose of probiotic to restore the intestinal flora.