Eyesight is surely one of the senses we rely on most. That is why it is important to care for our eyes and periodically undergo thorough eye examinations.
“In fact, even though there are no preventive strategies one can employ to avoid eye diseases (such as cataract, glaucoma or corneal diseases), an early diagnosis is paramount. It gives us timely information and allows us to intervene on the disease before it reaches an advanced stage. In this case, patients should undergo invasive, damaging therapies”. These are the words of Professor Paolo Vinciguerra, Supervisor of the Eyecare Center at Humanitas.
Retinal detachment happens when a layer of the retina, a fundamental tissue for eyesight, lifts up also dragging the blood vessels needed to give oxygen and nutrients to the eye. After 48 hours from the detachment, cells start to die and the eyesight worsens progressively.
“A periodic, thorough examination of the periphery of the retina and a precise study of the vitreous humor, is paramount. In fact, the eye doctor may notice the onset of the lesion and intervene with the laser, thus avoiding the detachment of the retina”, Prof. Vinciguerra explains.
Symptoms to look for, are the appearance of dark spots and light flashes in your eyesight. If you notice them, go to your eye doctor immediately.
Poor Eyesight in Children
During the years of primary school, children often lament eyesight issues.
“Astigmatism, myopia or hypermetropia are issues that may lead to strabismus, if they are not repaired in time”, the specialist explains.
It is also important to ascertain that difficulties in studying do not depend on eyesight issues, such as amblyopia. The so-called lazy eye syndrome is the main cause of visual disability among children.
This disorder depends on an incorrect visual and neural development. “Pinpointing the issue when it is too late and trying to correct it to make up for the delay may have a long-lasting impact on the patient”, Prof. Vinciguerra points out.