In recent years, European Association of Urology surveys have revealed that men often underestimate the importance of prostate health. Many only visit a specialist when they experience discomfort or pain, neglecting preventive urological examinations or regular checkups.
The Importance of Preventive Urological Examination
A preventive urological examination is crucial for detecting disorders affecting the urinary tract or genital organs, including prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is often asymptomatic in its early stages. Symptoms such as blood in the urine or obstructive lower urinary tract disorders may appear in more advanced stages.
In some cases, prostate cancer may manifest with bone or lymph node metastasis symptoms, including pain, lower limb edema, and renal failure.
Examinations and Tests for Prostate Cancer Diagnosis and Screening
If prostate cancer is suspected, it is recommended to consult a urology specialist who may propose various tests.
The initial steps typically involve a urological examination with rectal exploration, followed by a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) examination. Elevated PSA levels in the bloodstream may indicate prostate abnormalities, including cancer.
Additional tests, such as a multiparametric prostate MRI and a biopsy or fusion biopsy, may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
Further imaging tests, such as PET PSMA or PET choline scan, CT scan, and bone scintigraphy, might be performed to assess the extent of the cancer (staging).
Preventing Prostate Cancer
Maintaining a healthy and balanced lifestyle prevents various diseases, including prostate cancer.
Regular physical activity should be combined with a diet rich in vitamins A, C, and E, selenium, and zinc. Moderate consumption of animal protein is recommended.
How the Preventive Urological Examination Works
The specialist examination is non-invasive and painless. It plays a vital role in detecting disorders related to the urinary tract and genital organs.
The examination is usually complemented by second-level tests, including blood and urine tests, which provide a more specific clinical assessment.