Distortion, dislocation and minor fractures are some of the risks that can result from accidental falls and injuries. How can they be prevented?


What risks arise from falls due to distraction?

Excluding simple bruises, the consequences of accidental falls and traumas involve at least 10-15 days of immobility, including pain and limitations of activity. Especially in summer, when you are more likely to practice sports and outdoor activities, we expose feet, hands, shoulders and elbows to risks. The first advice is to wear suitable footwear, a recommendation that applies both at sea and, even more, at the mountains: whenever there is a distance to travel, you have to put your foot in a position to have the best grip on the ground, to reduce the possibility of falls.


Hands, what is the most common damage?

The most frequent risks for the hands are represented by the distortions to the fingers, especially the thumb, and the fifth metacarpal, that is the thin bone, which is the continuation of the little finger towards the wrist.


Side falls, what are the risks to the shoulder?

The shoulder has the greatest damage when the fall occurs with the arm away from the body or by directly hitting the shoulder. For a dislocation or distortion, you should rest at least 20 days, but once you have removed your guardian, a little assisted rehabilitation and muscle strengthening will be enough to return to normal.


Elbow, what risks arise from falls?

The elbow is a very delicate joint and a small fracture of the radial capital can easily be reported or, in the most serious cases, a fracture of the humerus that may require surgery. In the simplest cases 10-15 days of immobility are enough followed by an early immobilization of the elbow.


How about the painful “cask” on the fifth toe of the foot?

In most cases, it is sufficient to immobilize the toe with a plaster and ultimately use footwear with rigid soles such as clogs.