Male urological diseases, including those affecting the prostate, are often underestimated. Raising awareness about these conditions and emphasizing the importance of prevention can make a significant difference.

We delved into this topic with a urologist.

The Significance of Preventive Measures in Urological Diseases

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men. Prevention plays a crucial role in addressing this issue. It is essential to consult a specialist if any problems or symptoms are noticed, as early intervention can be more effective.

Prevention extends beyond cancer risks. Early detection and treatment of conditions such as urinary difficulties, prostatic hypertrophy, and prostatitis can significantly improve patients’ quality of life.

When Should the First Urological Examination Be Done?

It is recommended to undergo urological examinations from age 45 to detect prostate diseases. In some cases, check-ups may start at 40 for individuals with a family history of prostate cancer or if a blood test shows elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.

In different regions worldwide, preventive examinations are notified to those who should schedule a visit.

The Role of Ultrasound in Early Diagnosis

Ultrasound is used in preventive examinations to detect asymptomatic diseases early. Timely diagnosis helps avoid more aggressive and invasive treatments for urological cancers, including kidney, bladder, and testicular cancer.

It is important to note that ultrasound does not involve radiation exposure, making it a safe diagnostic procedure for all patients.

When Should PSA Exams Be Conducted?

PSA examinations should be performed if the values indicate abnormalities. After the recommended age, they should be done at least once a year until 75. After 75, a urological examination may be necessary only if dysfunctions are present.

Symptoms of Prostate Conditions

Prostate cancer is typically asymptomatic in its early stages. Therefore, a preventive examination should not be delayed until symptoms arise. The test allows the specialist to detect the presence and stage of the tumor.

Contact a specialist if you experience urinary system abnormalities such as:

  • Difficulty urinating; 
  • Nocturia (frequent urination at night); 
  • Frequent daytime urination; 
  • Prolonged waiting time before urination; 
  • Weak urine stream;
  • Fragmented urination.

Prevention in Young Individuals

Boys between 11 and 18 should also undergo preventive urological examinations. This age group experiences significant physical and psychological changes associated with sexual and mental maturation.

The urological examination is essential to rule out conditions like varicocele, undescended or hypermobile testicles, and other abnormalities that may affect physical development and fertility.

Prioritizing preventive measures and consulting with healthcare professionals can ensure early detection and effective management of urological diseases.