If you suspect you might be pregnant, a pregnancy test purchased at a pharmacy can provide an early indication of pregnancy.

These tests measure the levels of beta HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), a hormone produced after implantation in the uterine wall, which occurs about a week after fertilization.

Let’s explore the details of the test and the common signs of pregnancy.

When to Take a Pregnancy Test?

If you have had sexual intercourse, protected or not, and experience any of the following signs, it is advisable to take a pregnancy test:

  • Missed periods (although this alone does not confirm pregnancy)
  • Abdominal/pelvic pain
  • Sore breasts
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty eating usual foods
  • Frequent urination
  • Mental fatigue

It is important to note that these symptoms, on their own, are not conclusive evidence of pregnancy. However, if you have doubts, it is always better to test early.

How Pregnancy Tests Work

Even with effective contraception, pregnancy is always possible, even when it is not intentionally sought. Over-the-counter pregnancy tests can reliably dispel any doubts.

These tests detect the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in urine, which is only present during pregnancy (and in some rare ovarian disorders). HCG is released when fertilized eggs attach to the uterus or uterine lining.

Taking the test is simple: collect urine in a cup and insert the test stick, with the indicated side, into the urine. The test will show the result after waiting for the specified time (usually 2 or 3 minutes).

When to Take the Pregnancy Test

Taking the pregnancy test too early may result in an inaccurate result. It is best to wait until a week after your expected period. However, if you want to test early, you can obtain pretty reliable (but not certain) results through a blood sample taken two weeks after intercourse.

Positivity of Pregnancy Test: steps to take

If the pregnancy test is positive, the first step is to consult a gynecologist, who can confirm the pregnancy through an ultrasound examination.

During the examination, the healthcare professional can recommend necessary tests and guidance for your pregnancy.