Antibiotics are drugs capable of combating bacterial infections, killing the bacteria themselves or preventing their proliferation. However, it is good to use them carefully and consciously, in order to make the most of their effectiveness and avoid contributing to the development of antibiotic resistance.
Take antibiotics only if medically prescribed. Presenting a doctor’s prescription in a pharmacy is the only way to purchase antibiotics. These drugs are not self-medication remedies and cannot be used at your own discretion. The doctor will decide whether or not antibiotic therapy is necessary and prescribe it.
Do not take antibiotics that have remained unused from previous treatments. Once the antibiotic therapy is over, it is best to dispose of the rest of the drug in the appropriate containers. Antibiotics should not be stored.
Taking antibiotics has side effects. Diarrhea, nausea and skin rashes are among the most common side effects of antibiotics. In order not to place an unnecessary burden on one’s health, antibiotics should only be taken when medically indicated.
Antibiotics are not prescribed for all bacterial infections. In many cases, mild bacterial infections such as rhino-sinusitis, sore throat, bronchitis or otitis do not require antibiotic therapy: the immune system is able to fight them alone.
Antibiotics are not painkillers and do not serve against cold and flu. Antibiotic drugs are only effective against bacterial infections and have no action against viral infections, such as colds or flu. 80% of winter pathologies involving nose, ears, throat and nose are viral.
Self-medication drugs against winter diseases
Winter diseases can be quite annoying and disruptive to normal daily activities. Some over-the-counter medicines can help relieve symptoms. You should seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist to find the most suitable medication based on your main symptoms. Remedies that may help include:
- Antipyretics to lower fever and combat pain and discomfort.
- Inflammatory agents such as sprays or throat pads can reduce burning and help swallowing.
- Oral expectorants to free the airways from secretions.
- Nasal and decongestant sprays to free the airways and facilitate breathing.