Radiotherapy is a treatment involving the use of ionizing radiation and is now one of the most important approaches to treating cancer. It is a non-invasive procedure, meaning it requires no anesthesia or medication and is typically performed in a short period of time. It is intended for patients unable to receive surgical treatment and those who cannot undergo chemotherapy. Radiotherapy can be introduced alone or in combination with other therapeutic techniques (surgery and/or chemotherapy), which may have curative or palliative intent.
In Humanitas, radiotherapy occupies an area of about 1,000 square meters , with four available rooms. The Unit uses the most advanced technologies currently available and uses:
- OBI System ( On-board imager system ), consisting of an X-ray tube and an amorphous silicon detector included with the accelerator
- Software tools for the development of care plans ,with modules for Stereotactic Radiosurgery and intensity modulated radiation therapy( IMRT )
- Software for the fusion of images from different imaging techniques (MRI / PET / CT)
- RPM (respiratory Gating): Respiration synchronized imaging and treatment , formed by a system of infrared cameras which monitor the patient’s breathing and allow dose dispensing only in the phase pre-selected by the physician
- Virtual simulation , compromised of TAC and a dedicated system of three mobile lasers;
- RapidArc and Optimized Intensity Modulated Arc Therapy.
- Computerized management system for the entire process of radiotherapy.
- Cone Beam Computed Tomography, or software that enables a complete CT scan directly to the accelerator for patient positioning and verification.
- Immobilization,repositioning and location systems dedicated to each area of the body;
- Four linear accelerators , equipped with static and dynamic multi-lamellar collimator and amorphous silicon electric portal verification device;
The use of such technologies enables high therapeutic efficacy to be obtained while minimizing side effects, due to more precise localization and selection of the areas to be treated.
In addition to the treatment optimization and quality, specific attention is paid to the admission and comfort of patients in waiting areas and treatment through the use of innovative colors, indirect lighting and wood.
Moreover, in order to comfort the patient, there is a wall in backlist elastic fabric opposite of the accelerator on which dynamic color variations are projected.