Methylphenidate is used in the treatment of attention deficit disorder, the disorder of deficit of attention/hyperactivity, depression and narcolepsy.


What is Methylphenidate?


Methylphenidate is a stimulant of the central nervous system. It affects the levels of substances that lead to hyperactivity and control impulses both in the brain and the nerves.


How should Methylphenidate be taken?


Methylphenidate can be administered orally (usually in the form of capsules, tablets or suspensions) or transdermally.

To avoid problems with insomnia, it is recommended to take it in the morning.


Side effects associated with Methylphenidate


Methylphenidate may have serious adverse effects on the heart. It can also be addictive.


Among the other possible side effects are included:


  • Nervousness or irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or stomach pain
  • Headache


It is important to contact a doctor immediately if taking Methylphenidate triggers any of the following symptoms:


  • Chest pain, difficulty breathing, feeling faint
  • Hallucinations
  • New behavioral problems
  • Aggression
  • Paranoia
  • Convulsions
  • Numbness, pain, feeling cold, suspicious wounds or skin color changes
  • Vision problems
  • Painful erections lasting more than 4 hours
  • Pain or muscle tenderness or unusual weakness, especially if associated with fever, fatigue and dark urine
  • Growth problems in infants


Contraindications and warnings associated with the use of Methylphenidate


Methylphenidate should not be taken in case of glaucoma, Tourette's syndrome, anxiety, tension or serious agitation or if MAO inhibitors were taken within the past 14 days.


Moreover, before taking Methylphenidate it is important to tell your doctor if:


  • You have any allergies to the active substance, its excipients, other medicines or any food or substance
  • You are taking other medications, herbal remedies and supplements, citing in particular antidepressants, pressure medications, blood thinners, medicines for colds or allergies based on decongestants and anticonvulsants
  • You suffer (or have suffered, or if there are cases in the family) from glaucoma, Tourette's syndrome, severe anxiety, tension or agitation, cardiovascular problems, high blood pressure, depression, mental illness, bipolar disorder, psychosis, epilepsy or seizures
  • There are cases of sudden death in the family
  • There is a case of abnormal electroencephalograms
  • You have suicidal thoughts or instincts (even among family members)
  • You have ever abused drugs or alcohol
  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding