Miglitol is used to treat type 2 diabetes in adults.


What is Miglitol?

Miglitol is a glucosidase inhibitor. It works by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates into glucose. This results in a smaller rise in blood sugar levels after meals.


How should Miglitol be taken?

Miglitol is administered orally in the form of tablets. These tablets should be taken along with a meal and swallowed whole. Miglitol can be taken alone or in combination with other drugs. In any case, it is important to match the prescribed dosage with an appropriate diet and regular physical exercise.


Side effects associated with Miglitol

Among the possible side effects of miglitol include the following:


  • Swelling
  • Diarrhea
  • Gas
  • Loose stools
  • Stomach pain


Although it is uncommon, the risk of hypoglycemia should not be excluded. You should contact a doctor immediately if you experience:


  • Rash
  • Urticaria
  • Itch
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue
  • Bloody stool
  • Severe or persistent constipation , diarrhea or nausea
  • Severe stomach pain or swelling


Contraindications and warnings associated with the use of Miglitol

In order to receive the maximum benefits of treatment with Miglitol, it is important to follow a proper diet, practice regular physical exercise and measure blood sugar levels on a daily basis. In case of treatment with digestive enzymes, you should consult with a doctor on what to do before taking Miglitol.


Before starting treatment with Miglitol, it is important to tell your doctor if:


  • You have any allergies to the active substance, its excipients or any other drugs or food
  • You are taking any other medications, herbal remedies or supplements. Mentioning in particular: insulin or sulfonylureas, digoxin, propranolol, or ranitidine
  • You are suffering (or have suffered) from intestinal blockage, inflammatory bowel disease, colon ulcers, chronic intestinal problems that interfere with digestion or the absorption of nutrients, diabetic ketoacidosis, severe kidney problems or stomach discomfort, intestinal or liver disease
  • You are pregnant or breast-feeding


Lastly, it is important to inform surgeons and dentists of any ongoing treatment with miglitol.