Several probiotics may exert different benefits. Probiotics are commonly used to treat gastrointestinal problems (such as diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease), gingivitis, periodontitis and atopic eczema. Probiotics are also useful in treating respiratory infections in children, tooth decay, the presence of pathogens in the nose, clostridium difficile after antibiotic therapy, Helicobacter pylori infections, necrotizing enterocolitis, high cholesterol and obesity.


What are Probiotics?

Probiotics are live microorganisms that occur naturally in the human body (especially the intestine). Their intake can have positive effects on health; however, the mechanisms underlying these effects have not yet been completely identified. Among the possible effects of probiotics include:  modification of the intestinal microenvironment (with the reduction of hazardous microbes), the production of antimicrobial agents and the stimulation of the immune defenses.


How should Probiotics be taken?

Probiotics are administered orally in the form of capsules, tablets, powders or foods (e.g. yoghurt).


Side effects associated with Probiotics

Studies to date suggest that the intake of probiotics is safe. Possible side effects may, however, occur in individuals with underlying health problems.


Contraindications and warnings associated with the use of Probiotics

Before taking probiotics, it is important to tell your doctor if:


  • You have any allergies to the drug, food or other natural products
  • You are taking any other medications or herbal supplements
  • You are currently relying on any form of complementary medication
  • You are suffering (or have suffered) from any health problems