Ramipril is indicated, alone or in combination with other drugs, for the treatment of high blood pressure, in order to reduce the likelihood of a heart attack and stroke in patients at risk and to improve the survival of patients with heart failure who have suffered a heart attack.


What is Ramipril?


Ramipril is an ACE-inhibitor drug. It works by reducing levels of substances that constrict blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily and the heart to pump more efficiently.


How should Ramipril be taken?


Ramipril is taken orally in the form of tablets or capsules. Generally, the dosage is one or two doses per day. It is likely that the doctor will initially prescribe a low dose and then gradually increase it in case of need.


Side Effects associated with Ramipril


The possible adverse effects of Ramipril may include:


  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Cough
  • Stomach problems
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive tiredness
  • Weakness


It is important to contact a doctor immediately if Ramipril triggers any of the following symptoms:


  • Swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles or calves
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Jaundice
  • Fever, sore throat, chills or other symptoms of an infection in progress
  • Feeling faint or lightheaded
  • Fainting


Contraindications and warnings associated with the use of Ramipril


Treatment with Ramipril is contraindicated during pregnancy because it can be harmful to the fetus.


Moreover, before taking the drug it is also important to tell your doctor if:


  • You have any any allergic reaction to the active substance or any other drug, especially benazepril, capropril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, trandolapril or quinopril
  • You suffer from diabetes and you are taking aliskiren
  • You are taking other medications, herbal remedies and supplements, citing in particular aspirin and other NSAIDs, diuretics, lithium and potassium supplements
  • You suffer or have suffered from heart, liver or kidney disease, lupus, scleroderma, diabetes or angioedema
  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding


Finally, it is also important to inform surgeons and dentists of ongoing treatment with Ramipril prior to any procedure.