Valsartan helps to treat high blood pressure, whether used alone or in combination with other drugs. In some cases it can be used to treat congestive heart failure and control hypertension; however, in both cases it is not a cure. Valsartan is also used to increase the chances of survival after a heart attack and in cases of diabetic nephropathy.

What is Valsartan?

Valsartan belongs to the class of drugs known as Angiotensin II receptor antagonists, ARBS. It works by blocking the action of substances that stiff blood vessels, allowing blood to flow better and the heart to pump more efficiently.

How should Valsartan be taken?

Valsartan is consumed orally in tablet form. The treatment of high blood pressure typically consists of taking one dose a day. In case of heart failure or heart attack it should be taken twice a day. Your doctor may prescribe a low dose initially and then increase it gradually. In general it can take two to four weeks for benefits from the treatment to arise.

Side effects associated with Valsartan

Among the possible adverse effects of valsartan are included:

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • excessive tiredness
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • stomach ache
  • backache
  • joint pain
  • blurred vision
  • cough
  • rash

It is important to immediately contact a doctor if you experience:

  • swelling in face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles or calves
  • hoarseness
  • difficulty breathing
  • difficulty swallowing
  • unjustified weight loss

Contraindications and warnings associated with the use of Valsartan

In case of treatment with valsartan it is important not to use content containing salt without first talking to your doctor.

Before taking this medication it is important to tell your doctor if:

  • You have any allergies to the active substance, excipients or any other medication
  • You have diabetes or if you are taking aliskiren
  • You are taking other drugs, herbal or dietary supplements, particularly steroids, cyclosporin, diuretics, other cardiovascular medicines, potassium supplements, rifampin or ritonavir
  • You suffer (or have suffered) from bile obstruction or heart disease, liver or kidney disease
  • You are currently nursing (breastfeeding)