Anal swelling is a distension that can be more or less limited to a certain area of the anus and it surrounding area. It can be determined by various causes. Often at the origin, there is an infection (abscess formation) or a functional disorder (formation of haemorrhoids), but also a tumour presence (colon-rectum or anus) can occur.

Anal swelling can be also accompanied by itching and / or pain, which can be manifested during or independently from defecation and presence of alterations of the epidermis.


What kind of diseases can be associated with anal swelling?

The following diseases may be associated with anal swelling:

  • Perianal abscess
  • Warts
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Crohn's disease
  • Constipation
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Anal cancer

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for anal swelling?

The diseases that are associated with anal swelling are many and different. Thus to proceed with treatment development aimed at resolution of the condition, it is important to understand the underlying cause of the condition and to act on it. In many cases an early diagnosis can help, and is advisable to consult your doctor as soon as the problem occurs. Nevertheless, under medical advisement, the patient should practise a healthy diet with consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, at least 1.5 to 2 L of water a day so they can facilitate bowel mobility, digestion and defecation.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of anal swelling?

In case of earlier diagnosed diseases (see list of associated diseases).