Breast swelling is a very common and often harmless problem. In the majority of cases, the cause is in fact physiological and hormonal, such as those typical of: puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, lactation, menopause or associated recruitment of hormonal contraceptives. However at times, especially when associated with other symptoms, it may be a sign of a disease.


What kind of diseases can be associated with breast swelling?

The following diseases may be associated with breast swelling:

  • Breast cancer
  • Ductal ectasia
  • Breast infections
  • Infections to the lymphatic system
  • Mastitis
  • Fat necrosis of breast
  • Benign nodules
  • Premenstrual syndrome

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for breast swelling?

If it is not a symptom of a disease that requires specific treatment, breast swelling can be countered by taking medication (for example based on hormones), vitamins (especially vitamin E) or with hot or cold packs. The other useful undertakings are: reduction of caffeine intake, a diet low in fat content and the use of a convenient and suitable bra.

Sometimes, especially in case of anxiety, relaxation techniques can be helpful.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of breast swelling?

A doctor should be consulted, if the swelling of the breast is persistent, associated with loss of liquid from the nipple or suspected presence of a lump.

In case of established breast nodules, a regular medical check is needed. If changes are noticed in the nodules, one should seek medical attention.