Bruises are usually temporary marks that form on the skin and have a purplish green coloration although this varies depending on the skins complexity. Their origins are mostly injuries (bruises, beatings), but their presence may be associated with different diseases (liver cirrhosis, leukemia, scurvy). The particular color is due to the degradation of the hemoglobin leaking from capillaries in bilirubin and biliverdin.

Some individuals are more likely to develop bruises compare to others. These are most commonly individuals with abnormally fragile capillaries, a condition that should not scare you.

The bruising may be accompanied by swelling, pain and numbness in the affected area.


What is the therapy for bruises?

The following diseases may be associated with bruises:

  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Ebola
  • Leukemia
  • Scurvy
  • Septic shock
  • Trauma

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for bruises?

Because there are different conditions that can be associated with the presence of bruises, it is always good to ask for a consultation with your doctor.

In general, however, in case of bruises due to traumatic mild causes, some "do it yourself" remedies can be implemented to facilitate regression. Applying cold compresses to the affected area can help, because the cold helps to calm inflammation, swelling and pain and helps to monitor any further bleeding from capillaries. The wrap can be formed from ice wrapped by a cloth to prevent direct contact with the skin (is the risk of incurring a burn from cold), but in the absence of ice meat or frozen vegetables can also be used (which, remember, once thawed should not be frozen again). Remember that the effectiveness of the remedy is greater if the application of ice takes place immediately after the trauma. Even raising the limb or body part affected by trauma above the level of the heart can facilitate the absorption of the bruise.


When should you contact your doctor in case of bruises?

In case of severe trauma or in case of already diagnosed diseases (see list of associated diseases) you should contact your doctor.