Dry mouth, also known as "xerostomia", is a condition characterized by dryness of the oral mucosa caused by the reduction or absence of salivary flow. It may involve, especially in severe cases, difficulties swallowing solid foods and words articulation.
The underlying reasons for the condition are different, including emotional factors, intake of certain medications (e.g. antihistamines or diuretics), presence of specific diseases such as: sialadenitis, Sjögren's syndrome, diabetes, hyperthyroidism which can cause injury to the salivary glands.
What kind of diseases can be associated with dry mouth?
Diseases that may be associated with the presence of dry mouth are the following:
- Psychological disorders (depression and anxiety)
- Cystic fibrosis
- Parkinson's disease
- Mumps (mumps)
- Sjögren's syndrome
Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.
What is the therapy for dry mouth?
Many patients who suffer from this condition find relief in the use of artificial saliva spray. The spray is able to mimic the effect of the saliva. The use of a chewing gum (stimulates the production of saliva) also helps. It is also recommended to stop smoking, humidify the environment in which the patient lives and breathe through the nose instead of the mouth.
When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of dry mouth?
In the case of violent trauma or any of the associated diseases (see list of associated diseases)