The ESR or erythrocyte sedimentation rate is an index of blood that highlights the presence or absence of inflammation. Specifically, the ESR indicates the speed with which the corpuscular part of the blood sample, settles on the bottom of the tube in which it is contained.

Since the pathological processes that can cause an increase of the ESR are many and different, the high values ​​may be encountered in case of inflammatory diseases, in some malignancies, in the case of myocardial infarction and in case of anemia. The presence of elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate must necessarily be accompanied by more specific surveys, so the doctor may investigate the health condition of the patient.


What kind of diseases can be associated with elevated ESR?

The following diseases may be associated with elevated ESR:

  • Anemia
  • Arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Breast cancer
  • Cholecystitis
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Gout
  • Stroke
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Leukemia
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Malaria
  • Chagas disease
  • Meningitis
  • Mononucleosis
  • Crohn's disease
  • Nephritis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Pneumonia
  • Psoriasis
  • Syphilis
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Thrombophlebitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Lung cancer
  • Burns

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for elevated ESR?

The diseases that can cause elevated ESR are many and different, so the response of high values ​​should be considered a non-specific finding and has to be necessarily accompanied by targeted examinations.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of elevated ESR?

In cases of elevated ESR It is always good to consult a doctor who will advise on the subsequent tests that should be carried out.