The intraocular bleeding is a bleeding that occurs in the vitreous humor , the gelatinous substance of the eye on which the retina rests. The most common causes of this type of bleeding are diabetic retinopathy, vitreous detachment, retinal detachment, sickle cell anemia, the macroaneurisma retina, exudative age-related macular degeneration. Moreover, even intracranial hemorrhage, trauma and retinal vein occlusion can lead to intraocular bleeding.
The consequences are usually blurred or shaded view, the presence of dust in the field of vision and sensitivity to light. The pain is instead restricted to cases in which the pressure in the eye is high, or if the bleeding is associated with trauma.
What kind of diseases can be associated with intraocular bleeding?
The following diseases may be associated with intraocular bleeding:
- Sickle cell anemia
- Retinal detachment
- Macroaneurisma retinal
- Optic neuritis
- Diabetic retinopathy
Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence
What is the therapy for intraocular bleeding?
The remedy for eye bleeding depends on the cause of the bleeding. Damage to the retina or a detachment may require surgery or laser. When, however, the problem is diabetes, hypertension or other systemic disorder, it is necessary to follow the specific therapies for control of the disease at the base of the bleeding and monitor the bleeding. Sometimes a vitrectomy may be necessary in case the situation do not improves within 1-2 months.
When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of intraocular bleeding?
If you suspect an intraocular bleeding, it is always good to consult a doctor. The problem may in fact lead to a number of complications that are added to the damage produced by the underlying cause of the bleeding, including glaucoma and toxic effect of absorption of the iron present in the blood as a part of the retina and cells in other parts of the eye.