Difficulties and disorders of the language correspond to problems affecting the transient or permanent capacity to develop and articulate words and phrases. The language difficulty can affect adults and children. It can include articulation, rhythm and voice disorders that can affect both the composition of wording (choice of words and their meanings) and the expression (vocal disorders).


What kind of diseases can be associated with language difficulty?

The following diseases may be related to the problem:

  • Apraxia
  • Autism
  • Botulism
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Cancer of the mouth (oral cancer)
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Headache
  • Senile dementia
  • Dysarthria
  • Migraine
  • Stroke
  • Hare lip
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Huntington's disease
  • Cleft palate
  • Polyps on the vocal chords
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Down syndrome

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for language difficulty?

In case of language difficulties, first the source that triggers the disorder must be identified. In some cases, it can be mild, moderate and transient, without a need of any treatment. When the difficulties are permanent, it is required to attend a speech therapy, visit a neurologist and a speech therapist that can identify the appropriate treatment with specific exercises for the condition (breathing, phonation, storage).


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of language difficulty?

If the language difficulties arise abruptly, it could be a symptom of vascular events, such as a stroke and in that case a timely medical intervention is needed, In this case you need to call or visit an emergency room right away.

In case of elderly patients, the language difficulty may be a symptom of brain degeneration. It is important to tell your doctor or a neurologist about the appearance of these problems.