The term "nystagmus" refers to an involuntary, oscillatory, rhythmic and coordinated movement of the bulbs of the eye. We distinguish between two types of nystagmus: a "commuter ", when the oscillation is consistent between the two extremes of movement, and a "shock” characterized by a slow phase (slow deviation of the eyeball) and a fast (return to the position rest). The movement that characterizes the nystagmus can take place in a horizontal, vertical or rotational movement.

The nystagmus may arise spontaneously or in response to appropriate stimuli (may be induced in any subject). The detection of nystagmus and its features is used in neurology (the presence of vertical nystagmus, for example, is a sign of a disease of the medulla oblongata).

In some subjects nystagmus can be accompanied by symptoms such as dizziness, headache, nausea, irritability, problems with balance.


What is the therapy for nystagmus?

The following diseases may be associated with nystagmus:

  • Amblyopia
  • Cataract
  • Neurological disorders
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Strabismus

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.



What is the therapy for nystagmus?

Because base medical conditions that can be the basis of nystagmus are different, to implement the remedies that are appropriate to the condition it is important to identify the underlying pathology and act on this.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of nystagmus?

In case of nystagmus, it is always good to consult your doctor. If you are at risk of poisoning or labyrinthitis it is advisable to contact the nearest emergency room.