Skin ulcers represent sores that form on the skin or on the mucous membranes. They are generally caused pwing to a defect that prevents the formation of new skin (a process called re-epitheliazation). Skin ulcers fall into the category of pressure ulcers and are typically associated with diabetes (affecting the feet), oral cavity, cornea, venereal ulcers (affecting the genitals) and vascular ulcers (venous, varicose, stasis, arterial or mixed). 

They can be associated with inflammation, infection, and at times, even with cancer. The vascular ulcers are associated with trauma, which triggers tissue loss, while those decubitus ulcers are caused by inadequate blood supply. 

Depending on the duration of the inflammatory process, acute ulcers and chronic ulcers can be distinguished. Ulcers that heal within 12 weeks are classified as acute, while long lasting ulcers are known as chronic. Chronic ulcers symptoms usually include pain, foul odor, and skin/wound breakdown. Symptoms tend to worsen once the wound has become infected.

In any case, the presence of plague is associated with pain and further symptoms such as swelling, redness and bleeding.

Treatment options for skin ulcers generally depend on the cause of the ulcer. They can take a very long period of time to heal and it is best advised to avoid getting the ulcer infected, help ease the pain with antibiotics, and make any necessary lifestyle changes (quit smoking, lose weight, start exercising) in order to improve circulation.


What diseases may be associated with skin ulcers?

Diseases that may be associated with skin ulcers include the following:

  • Ebola
  • Blepharitis
  • Snows
  • Diabetic foot
  • Chiliblains
  • Contact allergy
  • Leprosy
  • Dermatophytosis
  • Anal cancer
  • Varicose veins
  • Pemphigus vulgaris
  • Small pox
  • Syphilis
  • Scleroderma
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus


Keep in mind that this list is not exhaustive and it is always a good idea to consult with a doctor regarding any questions, concerns, or if symptoms persist.


What are possible treatment options for skin ulcers?

The best remedy in cases of skin ulcers depends on their specific cause. Generally, cleaning the sore with antiseptic solutions and wearing an elastic bandage can help compress the area and avoid getting it infected. In some cases, it may be useful to apply healing or restorative ointments, undergo photodynamic therapy or treatment with epidermal growth factors.

If an individual has diabetes or is bedridden and the risk of skin ulcer formations is higher, following a healthy lifestyle based on a diet rich in fiber, fruits, vegetables, proper hydration and if possible, regular physical activity, can help prevent skin ulcers from forming. Also, it is best to avoid heavy alcohol consumption and smoking. Even skin dehydration can be cured with the use of creams and ointments.


When is it advised to consult with a doctor regarding tremors? 

In cases regarding skin ulcers, it is highly advisable to consult with a doctor, especially if the individual suffers from health problems such as diabetes that predispose to their formations.

A doctor may remove dead tissue from the wound (debridement), prescribe medications to speed healing or rid of an infection or recommend running further tests if skin ulcers have not healed within a few weeks after the start of treatment.