Water retention is a phenomenon in which the fluids are not properly removed from the tissues. When the issue affects the whole organism it comes to generalized water retention, but more often water retention leads to the accumulation of fluid only in localized areas of the body. The consequences are swelling possibly associated with pain, stiffness and a rapid increase or fluctuations in weight.

Among the possible causes of water retention are: heat, menstruation, pregnancy, birth control pills, nutritional deficiencies, some medications (such as those against high blood pressure), chronic venous insufficiency, burns or means to remain too long standing.


What kind of diseases can be associated with water retention?

The following diseases may be associated with water retention:

  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Arthritis
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Emphysema
  • Acute glomerulonephritis
  • Kidney failure
  • Food intolerance
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Lymphedema
  • Hashimoto
  • Allergic reactions
  • Heart failure
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Premenstrual syndrome

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for water retention?

The most appropriate remedy in the case of water retention depends on the identification of the base cause. Regular physical activity can be useful, a diet low in salt or other measures food, drink a lot, take diuretics or other drugs (for example to deal with thyroid problems) or the use of supplements. Calcium, magnesium and Manganese can be useful when the problem is associated with the menstrual cycle. In the case of venous insufficiency your doctor may recommend the use of elastic stockings.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of water retention?

If water retention is not just a temporary problem you should consult your doctor to identify its cause and the most suitable treatment.