Andrology is the branch of medicine that studies the man and can be considered the male counterpart to gynecology.

What does an andrologist do?

An andrologist deals with male health problems, focusing mainly on disorders of the reproductive tract, from dysfunctions through infections, tumors, and other diseases.

What diseases are treated by an andrologist?

Among the diseases and disorders most often treated by an andrologist include erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, genital infections, male infertility, frenulum breve, phimosis foreskin, curved penis, peyronie, testicular tumors, and prostatic hypertrophy.

What are the procedures used by an andrologist?

In addition to collecting the medical history of the patient, an andrologist performs a physical examination, assessing not only the male genitalia but the whole body. Typically the doctor will inspect the penis and testicles by touch, and also examine the base of the penis where blood flows in the vessels, the nerve reflexes and their sensitivity. The specialist may also perform a prostate examination depending on the patient. After the visit an andrologist may prescribe further tests such as blood tests with hormonal assays, urinalysis, urine culture, semen examination, doppler ultrasound of the testicles or penis, transrectal ultrasound of the prostate, testing of drug-induced erections, and nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT). The doctor can prescribe drugs if needed to treat the case, or address the problem with a surgical procedure.

When should a patient visit an andrologist ?

A visit to an andrologist is recommended when the patient is experiencing symptoms such as itching or pain in the genitals, redness or spots, swellings of the testicles, bending or shortening of the penis, breast enlargement or any indication of a prostate problem. An andrologist can also help in cases of genital trauma, and when the patient is unable to conceive a child. It is recommended to conduct a visit every year after the age of 15.