Sonography is a diagnostic technique that uses ultrasound to highlight the areas inside the body. It produces an image based on the different reflective capacity of various organs in the body and is projected on a cathode-ray oscilloscope. Since there are no side effects, it is also used in pregnancy instead of radiological techniques.


What does a sonographer do?

A sonographer is a doctor or a technician skilled in the use of the ultrasound as a means of diagnostic control. The purpose of the ultrasound is to display areas inside the body and assess the functionality, and presence of any anomalies. Besides the traditional probe the sonographer also uses ultrasound for the assessments and hemodynamic measurements of blood flow, and the transcranial doppler ultrasound in order to highlight intracardiac and pulmonary malformations.


What diseases are treated by a sonographer?

There are several diseases a sonographer often deals with including breast cancer, thyroid diseases, diseases affecting the abdominal organs, disorders of the blood vessels such as stenosis, plaques, ulceration and dissections, and intracardiac or pulmonary malformations. 


What are the procedures used by a sonographer?

A sonographer can use a traditional probe to screen for breast cancer, thyroid disorders and diseases affecting the abdominal organs, the doppler ultrasound for disorders of the blood vessels, and the transcranial doppler ultrasound to examine for intracardiac or pulmonary malformations. 


When should a patient visit a sonographer?

A general practitioner will send the patient to a sonographer, and in the case of previously diagnosis disease in order to monitor the health and evaluate the performance of any treatment prescribed.