Gingival bleeding is a disorder that is manifested by the loss of blood from the gums, the layer of epithelial tissue and connective tissue that covers the neck of the tooth and is a very important part of the two dental arches, top and bottom.

Usually bleeding gums are caused by the presence of dental plaque or inflammation of the gums that can cause diseases closely related to the gums, such as gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis (inflammation of the complex of the supporting tissues of the teeth and gums, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and cementum). Conditions associated and related to bleeding gums may be: leukemia, diabetes, coagulation disorders and scurvy.

Bleeding gums are often accompanied by other symptoms involving the gums as: redness, swelling, pain and hypersensitivity (warm, cold and acid), as well as the mobility of the teeth.


What kind of diseases can be associated with bleeding gums?

The following diseases may be associated with bleeding gums:

  • Dengue
  • Diabetes
  • Clotting disorders
  • Ebola
  • Gingivitis
  • Leukemia
  • Scurvy
  • Periodontitis

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for bleeding gums?

Some moral conduct can be put into practice to protect the health of the gums, preventing the appearance of redness and bleeding. Very important is proper oral hygiene that includes daily use of a soft-bristle toothbrush at least twice a day and proper brushing method, combined with the use of a mouthwash and specific toothpaste. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol also helps the gums to stay healthy. Finally, it is recommended not to underestimate the first signs of gum disease: although the symptoms can be mild and do not cause particular trouble, in case of bleeding – even if slight – it is good to ask for a consultation with your doctor, who will advise on what to do. It is important to know that your gums in physiological situations should never bleed.

When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of bleeding gums?

In case of bleeding gums you should consult your doctor in case you have already been diagnosed or are at risk of a disease associated (see list of associated diseases).