The term hematemesis is the vomiting of a blood. Typically the vomit is coloured bright red or dark red. In some cases it may contain residues of food.


What kind of diseases can be associated with hematemesis?

Diseases that may be associated with hematemesis are the following:

  • Angiodysplasia
  • Dengue
  • Esophageal diverticula
  • Ebola
  • Esophagitis
  • Gastritis
  • Coagulation disorders
  • Mallory-Weiss syndrome
  • Cancer of the mouth
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Gastric ulcer
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Esophageal varices

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for hematemesis?

Hematemesis may be associated with serious medical problems. A doctor’s intervention is needed for treating it, as it is necessary to administer medications or transfusions.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of hematemesis?

In case of vomiting blood a doctor must be immediately contacted or an ER visited