Insomnia is a difficulty preventing falling asleep, sleeping continuously all night or sleeping long enough. The underlying basis of the condition can be: bad habits, such as different bedtime schedules, sleeping too much during the day, heavy dinners or insufficient physical activity. Even the noise environment, working in shifts, the use of electronic devices near the bed or taking certain medications can affect the proper sleep. Other times, diseases such as thyroid problems or depression can be the cause of insomnia. Even stress and aging can play a key role in insomnia.


What kind of diseases can be associated with insomnia?

The following diseases that may be associated with insomnia:

  • Anxiety
  • Sleep apnea
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Headache
  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Food intolerance
  • Male hypogonadism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Anger
  • Syphilis
  • Premenstrual syndrome

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for insomnia?

The most appropriate treatment depends on the cause of the insomnia. It could be useful to change the intake of some drugs or ask for help from a specialist so you can treat the root of the problem. Even medications or supplements can help induce sleep. In case of insomnia the first factor one should definitely change is the lifestyle. Going to bed at the same time and avoiding bringing ones smartphone or tablet can be a useful new habit.

Good nutritional choices may help solve the problem. Patients who suffer from gastroesophageal reflux should avoid foods that can interfere with the sleep. In general, it is best to avoid dinners that are difficult to digest, one should let time pass between meals and the time for lying down and possibly avoid afternoon foods and drinks that can affect sleep, such as coffee.

If anxiety or depression is the base of insomnia, psychological help may be essential.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of insomnia?

Medical attention should be sought whenever insomnia interferes with quality of life. An inappropriate rest can reduce the energy available during the day and have other effects on the mental and psychological health. Contact a doctor so that serious consequences are avoided.