Jaw pain

Jaw pain is a problem that manifests itself as a painful feeling more or less intense borne by the lower jaw (the jaw bone or mandible), adjacent tissues and in particular of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The temporomandibular joint is a hinge that connects the jaw to the temporal bone of the skull and can be a basis for several problems that can cause pain, including: fractures, misalignment, arthritis and dental abscesses. The temporomandibular dysfunction disorder (TMD) is the most frequent cause of jaw pain.


What kind of diseases can be associated with jaw pain?

The following diseases may be associated with jaw pain:

Heart attack
Disorder or temporomandibular dysfunction
Hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol)
Myocardial infarction
Polymyalgia rheumatica
Multiple sclerosis
Cancer of the salivary glands

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.





What is the therapy for jaw pain?

To effectively diminish the pain in the jaw you must request a consultation by an otolaryngologist, or specialists like a dentist, a gnathologist or a maxillofacial surgeon. Only after a detailed diagnosis a treatment will be possible.

In transient cases, to relieve pain, it may help taking medication anti-inflammatory and applying hot or cold packs. If the pain is less intense, it can be helpful to relax your jaw muscles with a massage or simply with rest. People with bruxism may find relief in the use of a night bite. You should also not consume: hard foods, chewing gum, gummy or otherwise all foods that cause a prolonged chewing.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of jaw pain?

In cases of pain after a trauma, it is necessary to seek medical treatment at an emergency room, where you can determine if there is a fracture. In all other cases, the doctor and specialist should indicate your therapy.