Joint pain is a painful manifestation, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation, on one or more joints of the body including: the shoulder, knee, wrist, hand, hip, leg and foot. It is a common disorder, especially with mature age. In most cases it is therefore a symptom requiring prolonged therapies, as for osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, two of the most common causes of joint pain. If the condition is following a trauma or fractures, the patient should have an urgent medical intervention.
What kind of diseases can be associated with joint pain?
The following diseases may be associated with joint pain:
- Metabolic acidosis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Cervical osteoarthritis
- Chondromalacia patella or chondromalacia
- Adrenal insufficiency
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Cat-scratch disease
- Addison's disease
- Crohn's disease
- Paget's disease
- Sjögren's syndrome
- Premenstrual syndrome
- African trypanosomiasis
- Bone cancer
Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.
What is the therapy for joint pain?
It is necessary to trace the origin of the problem, in order to reduce or counter the joint pain. Only a correct diagnosis can help for effective remedies to be implemented.
In the event of joint pain caused by arthritis and osteoarthritis, it is possible to relieve the pain under medical supervision, the swelling and inflammation to be reduced by use of non-prolonged anti-inflammatory medications, to maintain normal body weight and regularly exercise.
In other cases the pain can be countered by taking anti-inflammatory medications, baths, hot packs, massage, and physiotherapeutic applications with ultrasound, Tecartherapy and most important rest.
When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of joint pain?
In cases where the pain is following a trauma or a bruise, it is necessary to seek medical treatment in an emergency room.
You should always seek medical treatment if the pain occurs suddenly and does not passes after three days or more, if it is associated fever, swelling or redness. Also you should seek medical treatment if the pain is acute and not conducive to the movement.