Macroglossia is a condition characterized by an excessive and diffuse enlargement of the language.

There are different reasons that may underlie the disorder. This occurs in fact in some endocrine disorders (endocrine disorders), such as hypothyroidism and acromegaly, muscular hypertrophy, a tumor charged language, to vascular malformations as lymphangioma or hemangioma or result from congenital causes, as in the case of Down syndrome.

The macroglossia may also be a sign of an allergic reaction. Also nausea, vomiting, itching, rapid heart rate and difficulty breathing can be a sign.

If the swelling of the tongue is particularly big, it can cause impaired speech, chewing and breathing.


What kind of diseases can be associated with macroglossia?

The following diseases may be associated with macroglossia:

  • Acromegaly
  • Food allergies
  • Drug allergies
  • Contact allergies
  • Amyloidosis
  • Muscle hypertrophy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Vascular malformations (hemangioma, lymphangioma)
  • Down syndrome
  • Tumors of the tongue

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for macroglossia?

Macroglossia, not being a disorder in itself, but being a consequence of the presence of other medical conditions, it is not treated directly, or through a specific therapy, but indirectly, or through the resolution of the medical pathology which it is based and that has caused the onset. It is therefore crucial, in case of macroglossia to contact your doctor for a consultation.



When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of macroglossia?

In case of suspected allergic reaction or in the event of already diagnosed diseases (see list of associated diseases).