Gingiva is the layer of epithelial richly vascularized connective tissue, which covers the collar of the teeth and forms two dental arches (upper and lower). Pain in the gums is a state of malaise, characterized by a perception of a painful feeling against this particular type of tissue, which may be accompanied by redness, swelling and tendency to bleed.

Usually the pain in the gums is a symptom of weakening of the gums. The causes can be: traumatic or organic (inflammations, tumors).

There are several conditions that may be associated with gums pain, ranging from the presence of abscesses (localized collections of pus) in the gum, gum disease and scurvy (a syndrome caused by lack of vitamin C).


What kind of diseases can be associated with pain in the gums?

The following diseases may be associated with pain in the gums:

  • Gumboil
  • Bruxism
  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Scurvy
  • Gingival pocket
  • Tumors
  • Trauma

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for pain in the gums?

The diseases associated with pain in the gums are very different, so to enable the development of a treatment it is important to understand the base cause of the disorder, and act on it.

Some other conduct can, however, be put into practice to prevent the onset of aggravation of pain in the gums. From behavioral point of view, it is vital to maintain an accurate oral hygiene with the use of a soft bristle toothbrush at least twice a day, a correct brushing method, use of a mouthwash and specific toothpaste. Also you should consume foods that contain vitamins and minerals, especially calcium. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, because that helps maintain a healthier state of the gums. Finally, never underestimate the first signs of a gum disease, although the symptoms can be very mild and without trouble. Remember it is always good to ask for an advice from a specialist, who can help you treat your condition.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of pain in the gums?

In case of trauma or if the patient has been already been diagnosed (or is at risk for) with one of the associated diseases (see the list of associated pathologies).