The gingiva is the layer of the epithelial and connective tissue richly vascularized, which covers the collar of the teeth and form the upper and lower dental arch. The reddened gums indicate an inflammation of the gums. There are usually two main causes behind this redness, gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums usually due to the formation of subgingival plaque rich in bacteria.

Periodontal disease is the inflammation of the tissues of the complex supporting the tooth (gums, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, and cementum) that have the purpose of keeping the tooth anchored to the jaw bone. Like gingivitis it is also caused by the presence of subgingival plaque bacteria, but unlike gingivitid, periodontal disease is characterized by more severe and deep infections that lead, even though processed at best, to permanent bone damage.

The reddening of the gums may be accompanied by hypersensitivity to heat, cold, acid foods, swelling and bleeding tendency.


What kind of diseases can be associated with reddened gums?

The following diseases may be associated with reddened gums:

  • Diabetes
  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Leukemia
  • Scurvy

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for intermittent reddened gums?

Some moral conduct can be put into practice to safeguard the health of the gums, preventing the onset of gingivitis and periodontitis. It is very important to perform a proper oral hygiene daily with the use of a soft bristle toothbrush at least twice a day and a correct brushing method, combined with the use of a mouthwash and specific toothpaste. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, because that way the gums tend to be healthier. Finally, you should never underestimate the first signs of gum disease.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of reddened gums?

Although the symptoms can be very mild and do not cause trouble, in case of reddened gums, it is recommended to consult with your doctor,.