Sciatica is a pain, weakness, numbness or tingling in a leg. At its base there is pressure or damage in the sciatic nerve, which starts in the lower back and runs down the leg.

The pain is typical for a single leg, it appears slowly and may worsen after standing or sitting, at night, coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose, leaning forward or by walking.

Among the causes of the problem may be a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, piriformis syndrome, pelvic trauma, a fracture or a tumor.


What kind of diseases can be associated with sciatica?

The following diseases may be associated with sciatica:

  • Arthrosis
  • Slipped disc
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Spinal stenosis

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for sciatica?

Sometimes sciatica resolves on its own. To relieve your pain, you can apply ice for the first 48-72 hours, then move on to hot wrap. Even painkillers can help. In general, the patient should not stand still in bed, he should reduce the movement during the first two days and then gradually resume physical activity.

Other times physiotherapy, taking or injecting drugs or even a surgery may be necessary. It all depends on the underlying cause.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of sciatica?

In the case of sciatica, it is good to seek medical attention if: the pain is very strong, it lasts for more than 4 weeks or is associated with a strong blow or fall, fever, swelling or redness at the back, numbness or pain in the buttocks, thighs, leg or groin; burning during urination or blood in the urine, urinary or fecal incontinence, pain even to below the knee, worsening or discomfort while sitting or nighttime awakenings, an unjustified weight loss, steroids or drugs intravenously.