Tinnitus , also known as " tinnitus aurium ", is a disturbance of the ear manifested by a sound perception of a pitched whistle, buzzing or ringing, even in the absence of external noises. The causes of this disorder may relate to the ear directly, as a plug of earwax or inflammation in acute and chronic middle ear, or may be external factors like a trauma or specific diseases.


What kind of diseases can be associated with tinnitus?

The following diseases may be associated with the presence of tinnitus:

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cataract
  • Psychogenic disorders
  • Stroke
  • Inflammation of the trigeminal nerve
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Meningitis
  • Otitis
  • Polycythemia vera
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Syphilis

Remember that this is not an exhaustive list and it is highly recommended to consult your doctor, in case of symptom’s persistence.


What is the therapy for tinnitus?

Generally, the tinnitus is not treated directly or by a specific therapy. The condition is treated rather indirectly. Be aware that in rare cases the underline cause of tinnitus may remain unknown. In this case, the patients have to live with the condition. Some methods will not be able to cure the disorder, but reduce its severity. The use of machines that emit so-called "white noise" or taking certain medications (including antidepressants) may help.


When is most likely to contact your doctor in case of tinnitus?

In severe trauma or in the presence of diseases already diagnosed earlier (see list of associated diseases).